Properly Implement Error / Exception Handling For Your Rails Controllers

Posted By Weston Ganger

Error handling for a nicer user experience is a very tough thing to pull off correctly. Heres a simple template to make your life easier.

Controller

Rspec.describe 'Error Handling', type: :controller do
  # render_views ### Enable this to actually render views if you need to validate contents

  ### Create anonymous controller, the anonymous controller will inherit from stated controller
  controller(ApplicationController) do
    def raise_500
      raise StandardError.new("foobar")
    end

    def raise_possible_404
      raise ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound
    end
  end

  before(:all) do
    @user = User.first

    @error_500 = I18n.t('errors.system.general')
    @error_404 = I18n.t('errors.system.not_found')
  end

  after(:all) do
    Rails.application.reload_routes!
  end

  before :each do
    ### draw routes required for non-CRUD actions
    routes.draw do
      get '/anonymous/raise_500'
      get '/anonymous/raise_possible_404'
    end
  end

  describe "General Errors" do

    context "Request Format: 'html'" do
      scenario 'xhr request' do
        get :raise_500, format: :html, xhr: true
        expect(response).to render_template('errors/500.html.erb')
      end

      scenario 'with referrer' do
        path = "/foobar"

        request.env["HTTP_REFERER"] = path

        get :raise_500
        expect(response).to redirect_to(path)

        post :raise_500
        expect(response).to redirect_to(path)
      end

      scenario 'admin sub page' do
        sign_in @user

        request.path_info = "/admin/foobar"

        get :raise_500
        expect(response).to redirect_to(admin_root_path)

        post :raise_500
        expect(response).to redirect_to(admin_root_path)
      end

      scenario "admin root" do
        sign_in @user

        request.path_info = "/admin"

        get :raise_500
        expect(response).to redirect_to("/")

        post :raise_500
        expect(response).to redirect_to("/")
      end

      scenario 'public sub-page' do
        get :raise_500
        expect(response).to redirect_to("/")

        post :raise_500
        expect(response).to redirect_to("/")
      end

      scenario 'public root' do
        request.path_info = "/"

        get :raise_500
        expect(response).to render_template('errors/500.html.erb')
        expect(response).to have_http_status(500)

        post :raise_500
        expect(response).to redirect_to("/500")
      end

      scenario '404 error' do
        get :raise_possible_404
        expect(response).to render_template('errors/404.html.erb')
        expect(response).to have_http_status(404)

        post :raise_possible_404
        expect(response).to redirect_to('/404')

        sign_in @user

        get :raise_possible_404
        expect(response).to render_template('errors/404.html.erb')
        expect(response).to have_http_status(404)

        post :raise_possible_404
        expect(response).to redirect_to('/')
      end
    end

    context "Request Format: 'js'" do
      render_views ### Enable this to actually render views if you need to validate contents

      scenario 'xhr request' do
        get :raise_500, format: :js, xhr: true
        expect(response.body).to include("window.location = '/';")

        post :raise_500, format: :js, xhr: true
        expect(response.body).to include("window.location = '/';")
      end

      scenario 'with referrer' do
        path = "/foobar"

        request.env["HTTP_REFERER"] = path

        get :raise_500, format: :js
        expect(response.body).to include("window.location = '#{path}';")

        post :raise_500, format: :js
        expect(response.body).to include("window.location = '#{path}';")
      end

      scenario 'admin sub page' do
        sign_in @user

        request.path_info = "/admin/foobar"

        get :raise_500, format: :js
        expect(response.body).to include("window.location = '#{admin_root_path}';")

        post :raise_500, format: :js
        expect(response.body).to include("window.location = '#{admin_root_path}';")
      end

      scenario "admin root" do
        sign_in @user

        request.path_info = "/admin"

        get :raise_500, format: :js
        expect(response.body).to include("window.location = '/';")

        post :raise_500, format: :js
        expect(response.body).to include("window.location = '/';")
      end

      scenario 'public page' do
        get :raise_500, format: :js
        expect(response.body).to include("window.location = '/';")

        post :raise_500, format: :js
        expect(response.body).to include("window.location = '/';")
      end

      scenario 'public root' do
        request.path_info = "/"

        get :raise_500, format: :js
        expect(response).to have_http_status(500)

        post :raise_500, format: :js
        expect(response).to have_http_status(500)
      end

      scenario '404 error' do
        get :raise_possible_404, format: :js
        expect(response).to have_http_status(404)

        post :raise_possible_404, format: :js
        expect(response).to have_http_status(404)

        sign_in @user

        get :raise_possible_404, format: :js
        expect(response).to have_http_status(200)
        expect(response.body).to include("window.location = '/';")

        post :raise_possible_404, format: :js
        expect(response).to have_http_status(200)
        expect(response.body).to include("window.location = '/';")
      end
    end

    context "Other Request Format" do
      scenario '500 error' do
        get :raise_500, format: :json
        expect(response).to have_http_status(500)

        post :raise_500, format: :json
        expect(response).to have_http_status(500)
      end

      scenario '404 error' do
        get :raise_possible_404, format: :json
        expect(response).to have_http_status(404)

        post :raise_possible_404, format: :json
        expect(response).to have_http_status(404)

        sign_in @user

        get :raise_possible_404, format: :json
        expect(response).to have_http_status(500)

        post :raise_possible_404, format: :json
        expect(response).to have_http_status(500)
      end
    end

  end

end

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Article Topic:Software Development - Ruby / Rails

Date:November 05, 2020